How to Switch Between Different Version of Cocoapods

Switching betweent different versions of cocoapods, I’ve been having to do this a lot at work recently. We have two branches of our codebase which are using different versions of cocoapods. At some point the all of the branches will end up using the same version of cocoapods, but at the moment one branch does not include the work which upgraded to the latest version of cocoapods. So if you find yourself in a similar situation, here’s all you have to do in order to switch between different versions.

First, uninstall cocoapods (the version which you don’t want to be using):

$ sudo gem uninstall cocoapods

Then, install the version you want to be using :

$ sudo gem install cocoapods -v 1.11.3

Feel free to switch back and forth between versions as needed.

 

Resolving Merge Conflicts in React Native: How to Address Conflicts in Pods, package-lock.json, yarn.lock, and project.pbxproj

Having trouble with merge conflicts in your React Native app with Pods, package-lock.json, yarn.lock, and project.pbxproj? I have the solution you’re looking for. These types of conflicts usually arise in React Native apps when one or both branches of code have installed a new node_module which uses native code, and then all sorts of conflicts will start to pop up in the Pods directory and project.pbxproj when you go to merge. The solution to fix these conflicts is to run $ pod deintegrate in both of your branches before doing your merge. This will take care of the majority of conflicts which tend to arise.

Then you’ll probably still have a few conflicts in package-lock.json, yarn.lock, and Podfile.lock. To fix the conflicts in package-lock.json or yarn.lock, you’ll want to checkout either branches package-lock.json or yarn.lock: $ git checkout name-of-your-branch — yarn.lock

For Podfile.lock, simply delete this file.

If there are any other conflicts which require manual resolution, go ahead and fix those. Then last, run $ pod install and then either $ npm install or $ yarn install. And boom! You’re back in business; merge conflicts resolved.

If you want to see every single terminal command from start to finish, please reference the 20 minute video above. Sometimes it’s hard to jot down every single step when it comes to doing something like this, so I find its helpful to just film everything for reference in case someone gets stuck on a particular step.

 

How to Pass an Array of Arguments in JavaScript

Quick blog post today that I’m writing during work on how to pass an array of arguments in JavaScript. This is something that I actually need to do today and well… I didn’t know how to do it 5 minutes ago! So without further ado… here’s how:

You can use JavaScript’s built-in Function.prototype.apply() method to pass an array of arguments. If you need to do this, check out this example–

function takeThreeArgs(arg1, arg2, arg3) {
console.log(arg1);
console.log(arg2);
console.log(arg3);
}
const myArgs = ["foo", "bar", "baz"];
takeThreeArgs.apply(null, myArgs);
 

Hello, World in Solana with Rust & Web3.js

My friend Sameer and I are currently working on our first Web3 project together, and we’re trying to learn how to use Solana. So far it’s been kind of complicated and a bit of a pain, so I just wanted to jot down a few notes here in this blog post for future reference. Mainly, I want to record my notes on getting to “hello, world” in Solana using Rust & Web3.js.

So far I haven’t found a great tutorial yet, however, there’s an okay course called recommended by the Solana team called Solana 101 that my friend and I both just took, and I think it has most of the basic building blocks you’ll need to get started with Solana programming.

If you’d like to take the Solana 101 course yourself, you can do that here: Solana 101

I believe the course used to be something you could take on Figment’s website, but now it’s simply a Github repo that you download. After you download the repo you an follow the instructions in the README to launch the course in your web browser running off of a local web server running on your machine.

Now for the real meat of what I wanted to post here… The course above has like 12 different lessons all featuring a code snippet demonstrating how to do some basic operation in Solana. However, the course isn’t hosted on the internet anymore! If you want to reference it or take it again, you have to spin your local web server up again to read the code snippets. So I decided that I really wanted to have a copy of all the code snippets up on the web that I could reference when needed. So without further ado, the 12 essential code snippets from Figment’s Solana 101 Course:

Solana 101: Connect to Solana (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
import {Connection} from '@solana/web3.js';
export default async function connect(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string>,
) {
try {
const {network} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const version = await connection.getVersion();
res.status(200).json(version['solana-core']);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw connect.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Creating Solana Accounts AKA Keypair (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {Keypair} from '@solana/web3.js';
/*
* Like with most Web 3 protocols, transactions on Solana happen between accounts.
* To create an account, a client generates a keypair which has a public key (or
* address, used to identify and lookup an account) and a secret key used to sign
* transactions.
*/
type ResponseT = {
secret: string;
address: string;
};
export default function keypair(
_req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string | ResponseT>,
) {
try {
const keypair = Keypair.generate();
const address = keypair?.publicKey.toString();
const secret = JSON.stringify(Array.from(keypair.secretKey));
res.status(200).json({
secret,
address,
});
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw keypair.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Funding Your Solana Account via Airdrop (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import {Connection, PublicKey, LAMPORTS_PER_SOL} from '@solana/web3.js';
import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
export default async function fund(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string>,
) {
try {
const {network, address} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const publicKey = new PublicKey(address);
const hash = await connection.requestAirdrop(publicKey, LAMPORTS_PER_SOL);
await undefined;
res.status(200).json(hash);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw fund.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Getting Your Balance (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {Connection, PublicKey} from '@solana/web3.js';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
export default async function balance(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string | number>,
) {
try {
const {network, address} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const publicKey = new PublicKey(address);
const balance = await connection.getBalance(publicKey);
if (balance === 0 || balance === undefined) {
throw new Error('Account not funded');
}
res.status(200).json(balance);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw balance.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Transfering Funds (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
import {
Connection,
PublicKey,
SystemProgram,
Transaction,
sendAndConfirmTransaction,
} from '@solana/web3.js';
export default async function transfer(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string>,
) {
try {
const {address, secret, recipient, lamports, network} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const fromPubkey = new PublicKey(address);
const toPubkey = new PublicKey(recipient);
// The secret key is stored in our state as a stringified array
const secretKey = Uint8Array.from(JSON.parse(secret as string));
//... let's skip the beginning as it should be familiar for you by now!
// Find the parameter to pass
const instructions = SystemProgram.transfer({
fromPubkey,
toPubkey,
lamports,
});
// How could you construct a signer array's
const signers = [
{
publicKey: fromPubkey,
secretKey,
},
];
// Maybe adding something to a Transaction could be interesting ?
const transaction = new Transaction().add(instructions);
// We can send and confirm a transaction in one row.
const hash = await sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, signers);
res.status(200).json(hash);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw transfer.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Deploy Rust Program to Solana Blockchain (from Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

use borsh::{BorshDeserialize, BorshSerialize};
use solana_program::{
account_info::{next_account_info, AccountInfo},
entrypoint,
entrypoint::ProgramResult,
msg,
program_error::ProgramError,
pubkey::Pubkey,
};
/// Define the type of state stored in accounts
#[derive(BorshSerialize, BorshDeserialize, Debug)]
pub struct GreetingAccount {
/// number of greetings
pub counter: u32,
}
// Declare and export the program's entrypoint
entrypoint!(process_instruction);
// Program entrypoint's implementation
pub fn process_instruction(
program_id: &Pubkey, // Public key of the account the hello world program was loaded into
accounts: &[AccountInfo], // The account to say hello to
_instruction_data: &[u8], // Ignored, all helloworld instructions are hellos
) -> ProgramResult {
msg!("Hello World Rust program entrypoint");
// Iterating accounts is safer then indexing
let accounts_iter = &mut accounts.iter();
// Get the account to say hello to
let account = next_account_info(accounts_iter)?;
// The account must be owned by the program in order to modify its data
if account.owner != program_id {
msg!("Greeted account does not have the correct program id");
return Err(ProgramError::IncorrectProgramId);
}
// Increment and store the number of times the account has been greeted
let mut greeting_account = GreetingAccount::try_from_slice(&account.data.borrow())?;
greeting_account.counter += 1;
greeting_account.serialize(&mut &mut account.data.borrow_mut()[..])?;
msg!("Greeted {} time(s)!", greeting_account.counter);
Ok(())
}
// Sanity tests
#[cfg(test)]
mod test {
use super::*;
use solana_program::clock::Epoch;
use std::mem;
#[test]
fn test_sanity() {
let program_id = Pubkey::default();
let key = Pubkey::default();
let mut lamports = 0;
let mut data = vec![0; mem::size_of::<u32>()];
let owner = Pubkey::default();
let account = AccountInfo::new(
&key,
false,
true,
&mut lamports,
&mut data,
&owner,
false,
Epoch::default(),
);
let instruction_data: Vec<u8> = Vec::new();
let accounts = vec![account];
assert_eq!(
GreetingAccount::try_from_slice(&accounts[0].data.borrow())
.unwrap()
.counter,
0
);
process_instruction(&program_id, &accounts, &instruction_data).unwrap();
assert_eq!(
GreetingAccount::try_from_slice(&accounts[0].data.borrow())
.unwrap()
.counter,
1
);
process_instruction(&program_id, &accounts, &instruction_data).unwrap();
assert_eq!(
GreetingAccount::try_from_slice(&accounts[0].data.borrow())
.unwrap()
.counter,
2
);
}
}
view raw lib.rs hosted with ❤ by GitHub

$ yarn run solana:build:program

$ solana program deploy /home/zu/project/figment/learn-web3-dapp/dist/solana/program/helloworld.so

Solana 101: Check Deployed Solana Program from Client (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {Connection, PublicKey} from '@solana/web3.js';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
import path from 'path';
import fs from 'mz/fs';
const PROGRAM_PATH = path.resolve('dist/solana/program');
const PROGRAM_SO_PATH = path.join(PROGRAM_PATH, 'helloworld.so');
export default async function deploy(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string | boolean>,
) {
try {
const {network, programId} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
// Re-create publicKeys from params
const publicKey = new PublicKey(programId);
const programInfo = await connection.getAccountInfo(publicKey);
if (programInfo === null) {
if (fs.existsSync(PROGRAM_SO_PATH)) {
throw new Error(
'Program needs to be deployed with `solana program deploy`',
);
} else {
throw new Error('Program needs to be built and deployed');
}
} else if (!programInfo.executable) {
throw new Error(`Program is not executable`);
}
res.status(200).json(true);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw deploy.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Storing Data on the Solana Blockchain (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import {
Connection,
PublicKey,
Keypair,
SystemProgram,
Transaction,
sendAndConfirmTransaction,
} from '@solana/web3.js';
import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
import * as borsh from 'borsh';
// The state of a greeting account managed by the hello world program
class GreetingAccount {
counter = 0;
constructor(fields: {counter: number} | undefined = undefined) {
if (fields) {
this.counter = fields.counter;
}
}
}
// Borsh schema definition for greeting accounts
const GreetingSchema = new Map([
[GreetingAccount, {kind: 'struct', fields: [['counter', 'u32']]}],
]);
// The expected size of each greeting account.
const GREETING_SIZE = borsh.serialize(
GreetingSchema,
new GreetingAccount(),
).length;
type ResponseT = {
hash: string;
greeter: string;
};
export default async function greeter(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string | ResponseT>,
) {
try {
const {network, secret, programId: programAddress} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const programId = new PublicKey(programAddress);
const payer = Keypair.fromSecretKey(new Uint8Array(JSON.parse(secret)));
const GREETING_SEED = 'hello';
// Are there any methods from PublicKey to derive a public key from a seed?
const greetedPubkey = await PublicKey.createWithSeed(
payer.publicKey,
GREETING_SEED,
programId,
);
// This function calculates the fees we have to pay to keep the newly
// created account alive on the blockchain. We're naming it lamports because
// that is the denomination of the amount being returned by the function.
const lamports = await connection.getMinimumBalanceForRentExemption(
GREETING_SIZE,
);
// Find which instructions are expected and complete SystemProgram with
// the required arguments.
const transaction = new Transaction().add(SystemProgram.createAccountWithSeed({
fromPubkey: payer.publicKey,
basePubkey: payer.publicKey,
seed: GREETING_SEED,
newAccountPubkey: greetedPubkey,
lamports,
space: GREETING_SIZE,
programId,
}));
// Complete this function call with the expected arguments.
const hash = await sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, [payer]);
res.status(200).json({
hash: hash,
greeter: greetedPubkey.toBase58(),
});
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw greeter.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Get Data from Solana Blockchain (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {Connection, PublicKey} from '@solana/web3.js';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
import * as borsh from 'borsh';
// The state of a greeting account managed by the hello world program
class GreetingAccount {
counter = 0;
constructor(fields: {counter: number} | undefined = undefined) {
if (fields) {
this.counter = fields.counter;
}
}
}
// Borsh schema definition for greeting accounts
const GreetingSchema = new Map([
[GreetingAccount, {kind: 'struct', fields: [['counter', 'u32']]}],
]);
export default async function getter(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string | number>,
) {
try {
const {network, greeter} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const greeterPublicKey = new PublicKey(greeter);
const accountInfo = await connection.getAccountInfo(greeterPublicKey);
if (accountInfo === null) {
throw new Error('Error: cannot find the greeted account');
}
// Find the expected parameters.
const greeting = borsh.deserialize(
GreetingSchema,
GreetingAccount,
accountInfo.data,
);
// A little helper
console.log(greeting);
// Pass the counter to the client-side as JSON
res.status(200).json(greeting.counter);
} catch (error) {
let errorMessage = error instanceof Error ? error.message : 'Unknown Error';
console.log(errorMessage);
res.status(500).json(errorMessage);
}
}
view raw getter.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub

Solana 101: Set Data on Solana Blockchain (From Figment.io’s Solana 101 Course)

import {
Connection,
PublicKey,
Keypair,
TransactionInstruction,
Transaction,
sendAndConfirmTransaction,
} from '@solana/web3.js';
import type {NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse} from 'next';
import {getNodeURL} from '@figment-solana/lib';
export default async function setter(
req: NextApiRequest,
res: NextApiResponse<string>,
) {
try {
const {greeter, secret, programId, network} = req.body;
const url = getNodeURL(network);
const connection = new Connection(url, 'confirmed');
const greeterPublicKey = new PublicKey(greeter);
const programKey = new PublicKey(programId);
const payerSecretKey = new Uint8Array(JSON.parse(secret));
const payerKeypair = Keypair.fromSecretKey(payerSecretKey);
// this your turn to figure out
// how to create this instruction
const instruction = new TransactionInstruction({
keys: [{pubkey: greeterPublicKey, isSigner: false, isWritable: true}],
programId: programKey,
data: Buffer.alloc(0),
});
// this your turn to figure out
// how to create this transaction
const hash = await sendAndConfirmTransaction(
connection,
new Transaction().add(instruction),
[payerKeypair]
);
res.status(200).json(hash);
} catch (error) {
console.error(error);
res.status(500).json('Get balance failed');
}
}
view raw setter.ts hosted with ❤ by GitHub
 

BitBudget- How to Repair Your Bank Account Connection

Having issues with your bank account connection to the BitBudget? To reset your connection simply click the profile button icon in the top right hand corner of our mobile application, then from the settings screen click the REMOVE button next to your bank account connection. To reconnect press the LINK BANK ACCOUNT button on the home screen of the BitBudget Android app.

 

BitBudget Help Center

Having trouble with your BitBudget account? You’ve come to the right place! My name is Chris Pedersen, founder and developer of BitBudget. If you’re having any issues with BitBudget or our Plaid/OAuth integrations with your bank account please feel free to contact me personally for support.

Support Contact Name: Christopher Pedersen

Support Contact Phone Number: +1 (469) 261-0727

Support Contact Email: chris@topherpedersen.com

 

Tsunami of Money

by Naval Ravikant

How long does it take to make money? Ha! It take decades. It’s going to take longer than you would like, but the best time to start was yesterday; the second best time is now. So you may as well start if it’s something you’re thinking about, it’s fine to start working on it now. It may take awhile for it to pay out, but when it does start paying out, you will essentially have.. It’s not that you will make money, but you will have become the kind of person who makes money. And once you’re the kind of person that makes money, and you have some comfort around that, then you essentially have your freedom. So you’re basically going to learn the skills of how to make money. You are going to become a money making machine. And once you’re a money making machine, the goal is that in 10 to 20 years from now, you will get hit with a tsunami of money.

Citation: How Long Does it Take to Build Wealth

 

vertically align h1 in div

Alright, so you’re trying to vertically align an h1 tag in a div, and CSS is giving you a hard time? Fret not! I’ve got a quick code React.js snippet here with the CSS you need to center your h1 tag in your div:

export default function Home() {
return(
<div
style={{
position: 'absolute',
display: 'flex',
alignItems: 'center',
height: '100%',
width: '100%',
top: 0,
bottom: 0,
margin: 0,
padding: 0,
backgroundColor: 'purple'
}}
>
<h1
style={{
textAlign: 'center',
width: '100%'
}}
>Vertically & Horizontally Centered Text Here</h1>
</div>
);
}
 

make div fill entire page

Welcome to my really quick tutorial on how to make a div fill the entire page using CSS & React.js. A lot of things seem really simple in CSS, but in reality you end up having to add tons of little extra tweaks to your code to get CSS to render what you would expect. For example, to make a <div> fill the entire page you would expect setting height and width to 100% to do the trick but… it doesn’t! Or maybe setting the height to 100vh and width to 100vw should do the trick right? Nope!

Well here’s the answer you’re looking for, you need to set the <div>’s position to absolute, top to 0, bottom to 0, then set the height and width to 100%. And then for good measure, maybe set the margin and padding to 0 as well?

Anyway, without further ado, How to Make a Div Fill the Entire Page in CSS & React.js:

export default function Home() {
return(
<div
style={{
position: 'absolute',
height: '100%',
width: '100%',
top: 0,
bottom: 0,
margin: 0,
padding: 0,
backgroundColor: 'purple'
}}
>
</div>
);
}
 

How to Download a PDF from a WebView in React-Native

If you happened to have stumble upon this blog post in its current form, I apologize. I’m currently working on adding download functionality to a WebView at work so user’s can download a PDF from my company’s app if the WebView url redirects to a PDF. To figure out how to do this, I’m currently creating an example React-Native app which I will post the source code to for this blog-post/tutorial. However, for this example app I am using my personal blog, and this blog post in particular, to include a link to a PDF.

Long story short… My Example app will feature a WebView pointed at this blog post URL. And this blog post will feature a LINK TO A PDF which the user can click on. The goal will be to intercept the PDF URL and download it if the WebView’s URL changes to a new URL featuring a PDF file instead of HTML.

CONCLUSION– CLICK ON THIS LINK TO VIEW THE PDF